Mitla Archeological Site
Mitla (Mictlan or Place of the dead, it means in Nahuatl, Lyobaa or place to relax, in Zapoteco, Ñuu Ndiyi or Place of the dead in Mixteco) was inhabited by Zapotecos and Mixtecos at different times. It is an archaeological site located in the state of Oaxaca, Mexico. The community of San Pablo Villa de Mitla belongs to Tlacolula district, located 44 kilometers from downtown Oaxaca.
In Mitla there is evidence of human occupation at the beginning of 900 BC, but the structural remains of the city dating from 200 AD to 900 AD. With the disappearance of Monte Alban as the core of power, Mitla became a major population center that served as power for the Zapotecos. Its maximum height and growth occurred between 750 A.D. and 1521 A.D. The archaeological site consists of five sets of monumental architecture: North Group, Group of the Columns, Adobe or Calvary Group, Arroyo Group and Southern Group. Adobe sets or Calvary and South, having been built in earlier times, have a square tradition, surrounded by palaces on platforms as a Monte Alban style.
In the North Group, Columns and Arroyo there are the administrative buildings and palaces of people of high rank. In the second courtyard are the most beautiful tombs, where priests and kings were buried.
At the west of the current population of Mitla, is located “La Fortaleza”. It is a defensive site by the Zapotecas, to defend their city from possible invasion. Around Mitla is located the site of “Hierve el Agua” who frequented the Zapotecas.
Among the many references that have the site, there is evidence of cave painting. Although there is a small fragment of red, primarily, it is possible to assume that most of the site was painted.
Nowadays, the ruin of Mitla makes to look back to past. At the age when the walls with large geometric mosaic panels made of polished stone and put together without mortar and stands against a bright red background. Once the style of writing code that covers the walls of the palaces were shiny and new.
The annual festival is celebrated on January 25 in honor of the town’s patron saint: St. Paul, and is celebrated on the eve with calenda, on January 24 it is burn fireworks, all week there are mechanic games and regional food in the center of town. The festival ends on January 31 which is called “La Octava” and closes with a popular dance.
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